Women in Islam have all of the human rights equally.As Allah Almighty said in Quran:
“O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) He created his wife (Eve), and from them both He created many men and women and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship). Surely, Allah is Ever and All-Watcher over you.” (Al-Nisa 4:1)
And in the words of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW),
“Assuredly, women are the twin halves of men.”
They have all civil rights. Like to choose their Muslim partners to get marry, NOT to change their name after marriage ,to choose their living style within Islamic boundaries and many more.
Women get the education
As Our Holy Prophet said:
“To seek knowledge is obligatory on every Muslim.”
Muslim here means male and female Muslims, as women are the twin halves of men.
The Prophet SAW said:
“Whoever follows a way to seek knowledge, Allah will make easy for him a way to paradise.”
A woman in Islam has the right to seek knowledge and education. Allah SWT encourages women to read and keep up the learning process.
Economical Rights to the Women
Islam gave economical rights to the women 1,300 years before the West.
An adult Muslim woman can own, she can dispose or disown any of her property without consulting any one, irrespective whether she is married or she is single.
Women on Job
A women in Islam, if she wishes to work she can work – There is no text in the Qur’an or the authentic Hadith which prevents or makes it prohibited for a woman to do any work, as long as it is not unlawful, as long as it is within the preview of the Islamic Shariah, as long as she maintains her Islamic dress code. But natural, she cannot take up jobs, which exhibit her beauty and body – Like for example, modeling and film acting, and such kind of jobs. Many of the professions and jobs which are prohibited for the woman are also prohibited for the man, for example serving alcohol, working in gambling dens, doing any unethical or dishonest business. All these jobs are prohibited for both men and women.A true Islamic society requires women to take up profession such as doctors. We do require female Gynecologists, we do require female nurses, we do require female teachers. But, a woman in Islam has got no financial obligations – The financial obligation is laid on the shoulders of the man in the family – Therefore she need not work for her livelihood. Here too, no one can force her to work – She works out of her own, absolute free will.
Financial Security for Women
A woman in Islam has been given more financial security, as compared to the man.
Compulsory Marital Gift for a Woman
When she gets married, she is on the receiving end. She receives a gift – she receives a dower or a marital gift, which is called as ‘Meher’.
‘Give to the woman in dower, a marital gift’.
No Financial Liabilities
If a Woman works, which she does not have to – whatever earning she gets, it is absolutely her property. She need not spend on the household – if she wants to spend it is her free will.Irrespective how rich the wife is, it is the duty of the husband to give lodging, boarding, clothing and look after the financial aspects of the wife.
Right to Inherit
Islam gave the right to the women to inherit, centuries ago. If you read the Qur’an – in several verses, in Surah Nisa, in Surah Baqarah and in Surah Maidah, it is mentioned that a woman, irrespective she is a wife or she is a mother, or a sister, or a daughter, she has a right to inherit. And it has been fixed by God Almighty in the Qur’an. As it is a long topic so further details can be discuss later.